Drug-tests are a serious matter for both employers and employees. Both parties need to know how refusals are determined. A Part 40 refusal is the same as a positive test. If your employee is in a safety-sensitive position and commits one of the following refusal events, the employee will be immediately removed from duty. Know the events that result in a refusal, and avoid a failed drug test because of a determined refusal.
- Fail to appear at a urine collection site when directed to report
- Fail to remain at the urine collection site
- Fail to provide a urine specimen after 3 hours, if a medical evaluation does not find a valid explanation.
- Fail to permit a monitored or observed urine collection
- Fail to provide a sufficient amount of urine
- Fail or decline to take an additional drug test the employer or collector has directed
- Fail to undergo a medical examination or evaluation that the MRO has directed
- Fail to cooperate with any part of the urine collection process
- Fail to follow the instructions to raise and lower clothing and turn around during an observed collection
- Possess or wear a prosthetic or other device that could be used to interfere
- Admit to the collector to having adulterated or substituted the specimen
- Adulterate or substitute a specimen
- Admit to having adulterated or substituted the specimen
The decision maker in each case is either an employer/DER or MRO. The MRO’s decision is final and is not subject to review, so knowing the events that constitute a refusal will help employers understand the process. This knowledge will help you train your staff and handle the refusals when they happen.